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ISC Specimen 2015 Geography

7 pages, 71 questions, 10 questions with responses, 11 total responses
Indian School Certificate Examination (ISC), New Delhi
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GEOGRAPHY PAPER 1 (THEORY) (Three hours) (Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Answer Sections A and B from Part I which are compulsory. Answer any four questions from Part II. Sketch maps and diagrams should be drawn wherever they serve to illustrate your answer. The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PART I (30 Marks) Answer all questions. Section A Question 1 (i) [10 (a) Name the sea, the sediments of which were uplifted to form the greatest mountain range of the world. (b) 2] Name the two land masses involved in the mountain building movement. (ii) State two ways in which the plains are useful to the people of India. (iii) The diagram given below represents a cross section between the Himalayas and the Peninsular Plateau. Name any four of the five features marked A to E. Greater Himalayas Middle Himalayas Outer Himalayas AB CD E ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17 ISC SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER 2015

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(iv) (a) Define growth rate of population. (b) What are the main reasons for the declining growth rate of population in India after 1991? (v) What is fallow land? Why is it necessary to reduce this category of land? (vi) The iron and steel industry is known as the basic industry. Why is this so? Name one iron and steel industry which is not in the public sector. (vii) Wells are a primitive method of irrigation, yet they have many advantages. Mention any two of them. (viii) Punjab and West Bengal have a high intensity of cropping. Mention two factors that have made this possible. (ix) Mention two advantages of mini steel plants. (x) A geographer s idea of regional development is comprehensive. Explain how. Section B Question 2 [10] On the outline map of India provided: (a) Mark and name a river, the basin of which is prone to floods. (b) Shade and name an area in South India where tea is grown. (c) Locate and name the southernmost oil refinery in India. (d) Draw with a bold line and name the eastern edge of the Deccan Plateau. (e) Locate and name the port which was developed to release the pressure on the Kolkata Port. (f) Mark and name any mountain range causing rain in Cherrapunji. (g) Shade and name the state with the highest catch of fish. (h) Locate the National Capital Region. (i) Shade and name the state with the lowest literacy rate. (j) Locate and name Hyderabad. Note: All the map work, including legend (Index) should be done on the map sheet only. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18 ISC SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER 2015

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PART II (40 Marks) Answer any four questions. Question 3 (a) Discuss the three parallel ranges of the Himalayas with particular reference to their: (i) average height; (ii) [3] any one particular feature in each range. (b) Mention one difference between the rivers Krishna and Kaveri. What is the reason for this difference? (c) Study the climatic data given below, of two cities A and B in India and answer the questions that follow. Cities T Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. T 24.4 24.4 26.7 28.3 30 28.9 27.2 27 27 28 27.2 25 R 0.2 0.2 - - 18.0 506 610 396 269 48 10 - T 25.5 25.7 27.7 30.4 34 32.5 31 31 29.8 28 25.9 24.9 R 46 13 13 18 38 45 87 113 119 306 350 [2] 139 R A B T = Mean Monthly temperature in C. R = Average Monthly rainfall in mm. (i) Account for the rainfall regimes of the two cities. (ii) Why is the temperature lower during the months of July September for City A and December January for City B? [1] (i) Mention four reasons why forests are termed as an index for prosperity of a nation. [2] (ii) (d) [1] Why is it necessary to practice urban forestry? [1] Question 4 (a) Mention two characteristics of rural settlements with reference to size and demographic attributes of their population. [2] (b) Give reasons to explain why we find isolated settlement patterns in the North-Eastern states of India. [2] ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19 ISC SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER 2015

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(c) [2] (i) What pattern of settlement does the above diagram illustrate? (ii) What is the cause behind the formation of this pattern? (iii) Mention two areas where these patterns of settlements are found. (d) (i) What is an urban agglomeration? How does it differ from a megalopolis? Name two megalopolises. [2] (ii) India s urban population is merely 27.8% of its total population. Yet it is a source of numerous problems. Briefly explain any two such problems. [2] Question 5 (a) Differentiate between net sown area and total cropped area. [2] (b) (i) What is culturable waste? [2] (ii) Mention causes for the existence of the above. (c) Discuss the problems of small holdings in India. [2] (d) In spite of being a very popular method of irrigation in peninsular India, tank irrigation is not always a favoured method practiced. Give reasons to explain why. [2] (e) Canal irrigation is responsible for water logging. [2] (i) What is this phenomena? (ii) What are some problems arising because of it? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20 ISC SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER 2015

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Question 6 (a) In which part of India is coffee cultivated and why? [2] (b) What are some of the problems associated with the use of thermal power? [3] (c) (i) What is the difference between fish conservation and fish preservation? [3] (ii) Mention two problems of the fishing industry in Bangladesh. (d) Name the minerals associated with the following locations: (i) Ankleshwar (ii) [2] Nagpur (iii) Singhbhum (iv) Bhilwara Question 7 (a) Distinguish between fare and freight. (ii) Name the authority for implementing National Highway Development Programmes. (i) Define road density. (ii) (b) (i) Why is road density high in: [2] [3] 1. Punjab, Haryana 2. Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra (c) North Eastern India is not served by an efficient system of railway lines. Explain. [2] (d) (i) What is the difference between transport and communication? [1] (ii) Examine the importance of the following in mass communication: [2] 1. Radio 2. Television ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21 ISC SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER 2015

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Question 8 (a) What is a foot loose industry? Give an example of one such industry. [2] (b) Illustrate with the help of two examples, how proximity to geographical factors has helped the location of industries. [4] (c) Name an important centre of production for the following engineering industries: [2] (i) Diesel locomotives (ii) Ship building (iii) Aircraft industry (iv) (d) Automobiles Explain the factors responsible for the location of the fertilizer industry. [2] Question 9 (a) What is development? [1] (b) (i) Define a planning region. [1] (ii) What are the basic steps identified in a geographer s approach to regional development? [2] (c) Mention four characteristics of planning regions. [2] (d) (i) What are the natural resources of Chhattisgarh which have been utilized for its development? [2] (ii) Explain the factors which have led to the development of Bengaluru as the Electronic Capital of India. [2] ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22 ISC SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER 2015

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Name: _____________________________________ Unique Identification Number (UID):______________________________ (This map must be fastened with the answer booklet) MAP FOR QUESTION NO. 2 (MAP OF INDIA) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------23 ISC SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER 2015


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