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ISC Specimen 2016 Environmental Science

3 pages, 29 questions, 1 questions with responses, 1 total responses
Indian School Certificate Examination (ISC), New Delhi
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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (Three hours) (Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Answer Question 1 (compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing at least one question from each of the Sections A, B and C. The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART I (20 Marks) Answer all questions. [10 2] Question 1 (i) Name any four types of traditional rainwater harvesting systems. (ii) Name the two types of composting toilets. Give any one advantage of compost. (iii) Give two examples of chemical indicators of soil health. (iv) Name any two methods used for ex-situ conservation of species. (v) Give any two distinctive features of Panchayati Raj. (vi) State any two steps taken to control vehicular pollution. (vii) List any two pull factors that cause migration from rural area to urban area. (viii) Give two examples of natural capital. (ix) Name any four gases that are monitored as specified by WHO, under the air monitoring programme. (x) Give the full forms of: (a) NAAQM (b) CSE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 ISC SPECIMEN QUESTION PAPER - 2016

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PART II (50 Marks) Answer five questions in all, choosing at least one question from each of the Sections A, B, and C. SECTION A Question 2 (a) Give a biographical sketch of Gary Snyder with special reference to his work on environment. [6] (b) What are the two strategies for survival? Give any four differences between the two of them. [4] Question 3 (a) What is social forestry? Discuss the various types of social forestry. [6] (b) Discuss in detail the four types of population pyramids. [4] Question 4 (a) How is deep ecology different from shallow ecology? What are the three principles of [6] deep ecology? (b) What is carbon credit? What is the role of carbon trading in reducing emission? [4] SECTION B Question 5 (a) Define development. Discuss any four environmental impacts of growth. [6] (b) Compare and contrast pre-colonial and post-colonial agriculture. [4] Question 6 (a) According to FAO, when does food security exist? Give two reasons why it is difficult to achieve food security in the Third World Countries. Also, suggest two ways to overcome this problem. [6] (b) Write a note on DEWATS. [4] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 ISC SPECIMEN QUESTION PAPER - 2016

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Question 7 (a) What is sustainable agriculture? Discuss the elements of sustainable agriculture. [6] (b) Compare and contrast the Gandhian approach to rural development, with present day development. [4] SECTION C Question 8 (a) Discuss the ecological values of rainforests. [6] (b) Discuss four ways of regenerating natural capital through sustainable development. [4] Question 9 (a) What is WTO? Discuss any two principles and any two functions of WTO. [6] (b) What is the long term implication of AOA for India? [4] Question 10 (a) What is IPR? Explain in brief any five categories of IPR. [6] (b) What is Environmental Economics? How does Environmental Economics help in reducing exploitation of natural resources? [4] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 ISC SPECIMEN QUESTION PAPER - 2016


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