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ISC Specimen 2011 Chemistry Paper 1 (Theory)

6 pages, 56 questions, 55 questions with responses, 97 total responses
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Indian School Certificate Examination (ISC), New Delhi
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CHEMISTRY Paper 1 (THEORY) (Three Hours) (Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Answer all questions in Part I and six questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two from Section B and two from Section C. All working, including rough work, should be done on the same sheet as, and adjacent to, the rest of the answer. The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]. Balanced equations must be given wherever possible and diagrams where they are helpful. When solving numerical problems, all essential working must be shown. In working out problems use the following data: Gas Constant R = 1.987 cal deg-1 mol-1 = 8.314 JK-1 mol-1 = 0.0821 dm3 atm K-1mol-1 1 l atm = 1 dm3 atm = 101.3 J. 1 Farday = 96500 Coulombs. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PART I Answer all questions Question 1 (a) Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate word/words from those given in brackets: [5] (electron, proton, neutron, decreases, increasing, lowering, one, two, acidic, basic, anion, cation, paramagnetic, Lewis acid, Lewis base, carbonic acid, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid, ammonium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, six, increases) (i) A positive catalyst _______ the rate of a reaction by _____ the activation energy. (ii) Human blood is a buffer solution of _________ and _________. (iii) BF3 is a _________ since it is an _________ deficient molecule. (iv) Oxygen is ________ due to the presence of ______ unpaired electrons. (v) A solution of FeCl3 is ________ due to ________ hydrolysis. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ISC Specimen Question Paper 26

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(b) Complete the following statements by selecting the correct alternative from the choices given: (i) [Co(NH3)5Br] SO4 and [Co(NH3)5SO4] Br exhibit 1. Ionisation isomerism. 3. Hydrate isomerism. 4. (ii) Coordination isomerism. 2. Geometrical isomerism. Cannizzaros reaction is given by: 1. Acetaldehyde. 3. Acetone. 4. (iii) Formaldehyde. 2. Ethanol. Out of the following solutions, the one having the highest boiling point will be: 1. 0.01 M KNO3 . 3. 0.01 M Urea. 4. (iv) 0.01 M Na2SO4 . 2. 0.01 M Glucose. The bond angle of water is: 1. 105o 3. 107.3o 4. (v) 90o 2. 120o The co-ordination number of each ion in copper crystals is: 1. 4 2. 12 3. 14 4. (c) [5] 8 Answer the following questions: (i) The depression of freezing point caused by a 1M NaCl solution is 0.0123oC. What will be the depression of freezing point caused by a 1 M glucose solution? (ii) What happens to the pH of a solution containing equimolar amount of acetic acid and sodium acetate when a few drops of dilute HCl is added? Give reason. (iii) Express the relationship between molar conductivity and specific conductivity of a solution. What is the unit of molar conductivity? (iv) Give the electrode reactions of the galvanic cell in which the reaction Zn(s) + 2 Ag+ (aq) Zn+2(aq) + 2 Ag(s) takes place. (v) [5] How is the free energy change related to the enthalpy and entropy change of a substance? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ISC Specimen Question Paper 27

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(d) Match the following: [5] (i) Buffer solution (a) Co-ordinate bond (ii) Co-ordination compounds (b) Raoult s Law (iii) Dilute solution (c) Warner s Theory (iv) Ammonium ion (d) Faraday s Law (v) Electrolysis (e) Henderson s equation PART II Answer six questions choosing two from Section A, two from Section B and two from Section C. SECTION A Answer any two questions Question 2 (a) (i) The vapour pressure of pure benzene at a certain temperature is 640 mm Hg. When a non-volatile and non-electrolyte solid weighing 2.175 g is added to 39.0 g of benzene, the vapour pressure of the solution is 600 mm Hg. What is the molecular mass of the solid substance? [3] (ii) Calculate the standard enthalpy change for a reaction CO2(g) + H2(g) CO(g) + H2O(g). Given that H f for CO2 ( g ), CO ( g ) and H 2O( g ) are 393.5, 110.5, and 244.8 KJ mol-1 [3] respectively. (b) Give reasons for the following: (i) A solution of copper sulphate is acidic in nature. [2] (ii) The boiling point of p-nitrophenol is more than that of o - nitrophenol. [2] (i) An element crystallizes in a structure having F.C.C. unit cell of an edge 200 pm. Calculate its density if 200g of this element contains 24 x 1023 atoms. [3] (ii) Draw the electron dot structure of perchloric acid clearly distinguishing between the electrons of each atom. [1] (i) What is the activation energy of a reaction? How is the rate constant of a reaction related to the activation energy? How can activation energy be calculated from this relationship? [3] Question 3 (a) (b) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ISC Specimen Question Paper 28

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(ii) Consider the following data for the reaction A + B Products. [3] Conc. of A Conc. of B Initial rate (mol l-1) (mol l-1) (mol l-1 S-1) 0.1 0.1 4.0 x 10-4 0.2 0.2 1.6 x 10-3 0.5 0.1 1.0 x 10-2 0.5 0.5 1.0 x 10-2 Calculate: (1) The order with respect to A and B for the reaction. (2) The rate constant of the reaction. Question 4 (a) What is the type of hybridization in PCl5 molecule? Explain why PCl5 is very reactive in nature. [2] (ii) (b) (i) If 100 ml. of 0.1 M CH3COOH is mixed with 200 ml of 0.5 M CH3COONa, what will be the pH of the resulting mixture? [3] Give reasons why: [5] (i) Aluminium trichloride exists as a dimer. (ii) When H2S is passed through a solution of acidified copper nitrate and zinc nitrate, only copper is precipitated as sulphide. SECTION B Answer any two questions Question 5 (a) Explain how fluorine is prepared by the electrolysis of potassium hydrogen fluoride. (b) Give balanced equations for each of the following reactions: (i) Fluorine and dilute NaOH. (ii) Ozone and aqueous potassium oxide. [3] [2] Question 6 (a) Name the following compounds according to I.U.P.A.C. rules: (i) (ii) (b) [Co(NH3)6] Cl3 K[Pt Cl3(NH3)] Explain why an aqueous solution of potassium hexcyanoferrate(II) does not give a test for ferrous ion. [2] [1] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ISC Specimen Question Paper 29

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(c) Draw the geometrical isomers of the compound [Co (NH3)2 Cl2] [1] (d) Write the formula of potassium trioxalatoferrate (III). [1] Question 7 (a) Write the steps involved in the preparation of potassium dichromate from chromite ore. [3] (b) Explain why transition metals form many co-ordination complexes. [2] SECTION C Answer any two questions Question 8 (a) How can the following conversions be brought about? (i) Methyl amine to ethylamine. [2] (ii) Propanol to isopropyl alcohol. [2] (iii) Acetaldehyde to Acetone. [2] (b) Name the organic compounds which have the same molecular formula C2H6O. Write the reactions of these two compounds with PCl5 . [3] (c) An alkyl halide having the molecular formula C4H9Cl is optically active. What is its structural formula? [1] Question 9 (a) Identify the compounds A, B, C and D. LiAIH 4 red P, I2 H + ,H 2O Alc.KCN CH3 COOH A B C D [2] (b) Give one good chemical test to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds: [2] (i) (ii) (c) Benzoic acid and phenol. Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde. Fill in the blanks and name the following reactions. (i) (ii) (iii) [3] C6 H 5 NH 2 + CHCl3 + 3KOH ( alc.) ____ + KCl + 3H 2O Pd / BaSO4 C6 H 5COCl + H 2 _____ + HCl OH O OH + C6 H 5COCl _____ + HCl ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ISC Specimen Question Paper 30

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(d) Give reasons for the following: (i) Phenol is acidic but ethanol is not. (ii) [3] Acetaldehyde does not give Cannizzaro s reaction but formaldehyde and benzaldehyde give the reaction. Question 10 (a) What are proteins? How are they formed? What is the primary structure of proteins? [3] (b) Give the monomers of: [2] (i) (ii) (c) Bakelite. Nylon 66. An organic compound (A) on treatment with acetic acid in the presence of Sulphuric acid produces an ester (B). (A) on mild oxidation gives (C). (C) reduces Tollen s reagent to give silver mirror and (D). (D) on reacting with Phosphorous pentachloride followed by ammonia gives (E). (E) on dehydration produces methyl cyanide. Identify (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) and write the relevant reactions. [5] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ISC Specimen Question Paper 31

 

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