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CBSE Class 12 Pre Board 2021 : English Core (Kendriya Vidyalaya (KV) No 1, Armapur, Kanpur)

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KENDRIYA VVIDYALAYA No. 1 ARMAPUR, KANPUR I PRE-BOARD EXAMINATION -2020-21 CLASS -: XII SUBJECT: ENGLISH CORE Time: 3:00 Hrs. MM:80 General Instructions: 1. This paper is divided into two parts: A and B. All questions are compulsory. 2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them. 3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions. Part A (40 Marks) READING (20 marks) Q.1 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow: (1X10=10) Donated Organs and their Transportation 1. Once an organ donor s family gives its consent and the organs are matched to a recipient, medical professionals are faced with the onerous challenge of transporting organs while ensuring that the harvested organ reaches its destination in the shortest possible time. This is done in order to preserve the harvested organs and involves the police and especially the traffic police department. 2. The traditional method of transporting organs by road is referred to as a green corridor . This process entails police escorting an ambulance, so as to move around traffic usually a specific traffic lane is chosen and all signals on the route stay green to ensure it reaches its destination in the shortest possible time. A green corridor is a route cleared and cordoned off by the traffic police to ensure the smooth and steady transportation of harvested organs, on most occasions, to those awaiting a life-saving transplant. Organs tend to have a very short preservation time, such as the heart, which has to be harvested and transplanted within four hours or the lungs, which can be preserved for only six hours once they are harvested. 3. The first green corridor in India was created by the Chennai Traffic Police in September 2008 when they accomplished their task of enabling an ambulance to reach its destination within 11 minutes during peak hour traffic. That organ saved a nine-year-old girl whose life depended on the transplant. 4. Similarly, such green corridors have been created by traffic police of various cities such as Pune, Mumbai, Delhi NCR, etc. Personnel are stationed at selected points to divert, control and clear the traffic giving way to the ambulance. Apart from this, a motorcade of police vehicles accompanies the ambulance ensuring that it does not face any problems. Delhi Traffic Police provided a green corridor from IGI Airport to the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences in Vasant Kunj for transportation of a liver. The distance of 14 kms was covered in 11 minutes. 5. Experts point out the lack of a robust system to transport organs to super-speciality hospitals in least possible time. The National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO), the country s apex organ donation agency, is now framing a proposal to airlift cadaver organs and will send a report to the Union Health Ministry. Cadaver organs have a short life and so transplant should be done within a few golden hours, Director (NOTTO) expressed. Therefore, we are preparing a proposal for airlifting organs at any given moment. 6. Most States do not have enough well-trained experts to retrieve or perform transplant procedures. Also, there is an acute shortage of advanced healthcare facilities to carry out a transplant. So, it is

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